CO2-free NH3, from Rjukan waterfall,1913.

 NH3 fuel can be burned without producing CO2 or toxic gases, plus its cheaper and nearly as high powered as gasoline But right now its made with Natural Gas feedstock.. which DOES pollute and emit CO2. However NH3 is ideal for production with smaller scale renewable ‘green’ facilities. For example we can go right back to 1913, and climb up to the waterfall on the ice free fjord of Rjukan, where ‘green’ NH3 fertilizer was made for half the planet!

The 60 MW Rjukan dam in Telemark, Norway produced ammonia via electrolysis of water for many years from 1913 producing fertilizer for much of Europe at the Vemork power station at the Norsk H Rjukan waterfall in the Telemark province (state)

In the European and American race to develop a process for manufacturing artificial fertiliser, the Rjukanfossen waterfall was harnessed in 1911 to provide sufficient power to run Professor Kristian Birkeland’s electric arc method for separating nitrogen from air. This method was more effective than any other method tried at that time (Niagara 1903 etc.) and, following test runs at Notodden (1907), the method was seen as promising from an industrial perspective. 

Norsk Hydro[1], was formed and an urban community was created in the early 1900s in a poor and remote rural area. This involved a number of elements such as power stations, factories, residential areas, buildings for administrative and social purposes, as well as equipment for exporting calcium nitrate (Norges-salpeter, Norwegian saltpetre), a significant industrial product for agriculture worldwide.


Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3. It is normally encountered as a gas with a characteristic pungent odour. Ammonia contributes significantly to the nutritional needs of terrestrial organisms by serving as a precursor to foodstuffs and fertilizers.

see all posts on NH3

4 thoughts on “CO2-free NH3, from Rjukan waterfall,1913.”

  1. In fact the emissions from using ammonia as an energy currency and fuel are much lower than hydrocarbons and can be mitigated further depending on the manufacturing process and end use application. In an ammonia diesel dual fuel system, 2012-2018 EPA levels could be easily met without the need of presently used EGR or other downstream technologies. The technology also exists to economically eliminate virtually 100% of the exhaust gas emissions (except N2) when using NH3 alone in vehicles, engines or electrical power generators. What is needed is simply enforcing existing regulations and removing subsidies from all forms of energy so the the free market can operate on a full cost accounting basis and consumers will be able to vote with their wallets.


  2. if you burn NH3, NO or NO2 or NOx will come out, which are all much more worse than CO2 for the climate. NOx is bad for our health too…
    i’m sorry.
    i hope u keep on searching.
    much love


    1. hi Neek.. thanks for your comment. G. Vezina who comments above has spent 40 years building NH3 powered vehicles (see his sites). He agrees that nitrogen is left when you burn the hydrogen in NH3. Of course nitrogen is a harmless inert gas, or maybe you missed that class in primary! Keep searching!……. cheers.


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