In addition to recognizing the ethnic and cultural diversity of the country, of which indigenous peoples are part, the Constitution does not grant, but recognizes the original right of our peoples, ending centuries of very serious violations of rights, including mass deaths and forced territorial removals, including during the military regime from 1964 to 1985. As a reference, that territorial right is officially recognized from the Royal Permit of April 1, 1680, still during the Imperial Period, and reiterated in all Brazilian Constitutions, from 1934.
Note that the recognition of the fundamental and original right of indigenous peoples to their traditional lands was given, according to the National Constituent Assembly itself, because, “as for the land, recognizing that for the Indians it means one’s life, it was stipulated that they have the right to permanent possession, and they tried to guarantee their definitive demarcation. “ In the end, as the Federal Supreme Court always pointed out:” There is no Indian without land. The relationship with the soil is a characteristic mark of the indigenous essence, because everything that he is, is in the earth and with the earth.
Hence the importance of land for the guarantee of their rights, all linked in one way or another to the land. It is what is extracted from the body of art. 231 of the Constitution. (…) Therefore, there is no point in recognizing rights without securing their territories, identifying and demarcating them. “ On the other hand, that is the reason why the Constitution affirms, in § 4.º of article 231, that “the territories referred to in this article are inalienable and unavailable, and the rights over them, imprescriptible.”
The affirmation that our peoples can constitute “new countries in the future”, demonstrates frank ignorance of the related legislation, since the Constitution itself establishes in Article 20 that indigenous territories are the Land of the Union. In addition, for your information, in no country in Latin America, even where the indigenous population is the majority, are there people who think of constituting another country.
The proof is the maturity with which indigenous leaders from around the world agreed with the states that make up the UN, including Brazil, the articles of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, including its article 46, which states: “Nothing provided in this Declaration shall be interpreted as conferring on a State, people, group or person any right to participate in an activity or to perform an act contrary to the Charter of the United Nations or shall be understood as authorizing or to encourage any action aimed at dismembering or reducing, totally or partially, the territorial integrity or political unity of the States. ”
Since it is a fundamental right provided for by the Federal Constitution and the indigenous territories are the property of the Union, compliance with its demarcation and protection could never be considered harmful or threatening to Brazil.
On the contrary, what undermines national sovereignty, democracy and the interests of the Brazilian people is precisely to violate fundamental rights and duties explicit in the Charter of the Republic and to impose a model of development with irreversible impacts on our traditional peoples and territories. more environmentally preserved in the country.
Brazil is the richest country in the world in tropical forests, water resources, biodiversity, fertile soils and other goods. The preservation of the environment provided by indigenous peoples is a fundamental right of the entire Brazilian society (Article 225 of the Constitution), which is only possible thanks to the harmonious relationship that our peoples maintain millennially with Mother Nature.
‘See that jungle.. we’re never going to leave it..we’ll die for it if we have to.’
It is precisely this preservation that allows the guarantee of the quality of healthy life of the Brazilian population and Brazil’s own development, since all economic activities depend on maintaining environmental services provided free of charge by the forests, including the maintenance of our water regime…
Indigenous groups, Amazon’s best land stewards, under federal attack. According to 2014 data for Legal Amazonia, 59 percent of that year’s illegal deforestation occurred on privately held lands, 27 percent in conservation units, 13 percent in agrarian reform settlements, and a mere 1 percent on indigenous lands — demonstrating that indigenous land stewards are the best at limiting deforestation. Indigenous groups control large reserves in the Amazon and have the constitutional right to more, but land thieves and agribusiness are working to prevent recognition of new indigenous territories — forested territories that, if protected, could sequester a great deal of climate change-causing carbon. ..”The problem is that the Indians have lands these political actors want.” — Márcio Meira, former head of FUNAI, Brazil’s Indian affairs agency.
As the Brazilian and international scientific community has warned, “the removal of forests, threatening rainfall and climate, would not defeat only competitive agriculture; the lack (or excess) of water affects the production of energy, industries, the supply of populations and life in cities. “
That is why we do not admit to being treated as inferior beings, as has resonated in your Excellency’s statements. We are only different, being an obligation of the federal government according to the Constitution, to respect our “social organization, customs, languages, beliefs and traditions” (article 231 of the Constitution). We therefore repudiate his pejorative and reduced understanding of considering ourselves like animals in zoos.
The development model that we defend and implement in our lands is also different from what your Excellency says, because we seek to strengthen the sustainability and environmental management of our territories. We reject any type of predatory exploration of natural assets and we demand that our knowledge and concepts of good living be respected.
Instead of attacking and defaming our peoples, Your Excellency has the obligation, by constitutional imposition, to execute public policies that do justice to the level of democracy reached by Brazil, ensuring the full and unrestricted compliance of the Federal Constitution and international treaties. ratified by Brazil. For that, in line with the constitutional and legal mandates applicable to the federal government, we strive for attention to the following proposals and demands of our peoples:
Keep FUNAI linked to the Ministry of Justice, and strengthened, that is, with the necessary budget for the fulfillment of its institutional mission to promote the rights of our peoples, mainly in relation to the demarcation and protection of indigenous territories.
- Revoke the likeness 001/2017 of the Attorney General’s Office (Advocacia Geral da União – AGU).
- Urgent performance of operations for the withdrawal of invaders from demarcated indigenous territories and their effective protection;
- Demarcation and protection of all indigenous territories, with special attention to the territories of isolated and recently contacted peoples;
- Budgetary allocation, with public resources, for the implementation of PNGATI [National Policy for Territorial and Environmental Management of Indigenous Territories] and other social programs aimed at guaranteeing food sovereignty, economic sustainability and the good living of our peoples and communities;
- Guarantee of the continuity of the basic health care of our peoples through the Special Secretariat for Indigenous Health (SESAI), considering the effective and autonomous social control by our peoples;
- Make effective the policy of differentiated and quality indigenous school education, ensuring the implementation of the 25 proposals of the second national conference and the ethno-educational territories;
- Advocate together with the judicial and legislative powers in the guarantee of our rights guaranteed by the Federal Constitution;
- End of violence, criminalization and discrimination against our peoples and leaders, ensuring the punishment of those responsible for these practices, the repair of damages caused, including by agents of the State and commitment of government bodies (Ministry of Human Rights , Ministry of Justice, Public Defender) in the protection of our lives;
- Applicability of international treaties signed by Brazil, especially Convention 169 of the International Labor Organization (ILO) incorporated into the judicial apparatus of the country and establishing the right of indigenous peoples to free, prior and informed consultation on any measure administrative or legislative issues that affect them.
- Compliance with the recommendations of the UN Special Rapporteurship for Indigenous Peoples and the recommendations of the UN sent to Brazil during the Universal Periodic Review (SPS), all aimed at preventing setbacks and guaranteeing the defense and promotion of rights of the indigenous peoples of Brazil.
This being what we had to communicate, we await an answer.
Articulation of the Indigenous Peoples of Brazil – APIB
 Report of the National Constituent Assembly VII – Commission of the Social Order – VII Subcommission of black and indigenous populations, handicapped persons and minorities – Relatório – volume 196. (we highlight)
 Supreme Federal Court. Full. Petition No. 3.388 / ED / RR. Vote-View proffered by Minister Menezes Direito. DJ 25.09.2009.
 NOBRE, Antônio Donato. “O Futuro Climático da Amazônia.” Ob. cit., p. 31
Edition: Pedro Ribeiro Nogueira
”Bolsonaro is a former Army officer who has praised Brazil’s former military dictatorship, spoken in favor of torture and threatened to destroy, imprison or banish his political opponents. He has also encouraged the police to kill suspected drug dealers, and once told a female lawmaker she was too ugly to rape. Noam Chomsky calls Bolsonaro a “disaster for Brazil“.