Strongly supported by the agro-industrial sector, Law #490/2007 provides for several changes in the territorial rights of Indigenous Peoples as guaranteed by Brazil’s Constitution.
The law applies the “time limit thesis” (marco temporal) to the question of demarcating Indigenous territories.
This fringe racist legal theory holds that Brazil’s Indigenous Peoples have the right only to lands they happened to occupy at the time of the promulgation of the Brazilian Constitution (October 1988), and not any that were stolen from them before that date.
If adopted, the marco temporalstandard would likely prevent the demarcation of any additional Indigenous territories (237 territories are currently in legal limbo), while also placing at risk the 441 fully demarcated and registered Indigenous territories.
Furthermore, Law #490/2007 would open Indigenous territories to predatory activities, including mining, ranching, commercial agribusiness, and dam construction.
It goes so far as to allow the State to “retake” lands if there are significant “alterations of cultural traits” within Indigenous communities.
Not only have land grabbers , illegal loggers and big ranchers been given immunity ‘on the nod’ and urged to attack and murder locals and indigenous and burn the forest.. but also, in this case, the police and army are acting illegally on behalf of the local corrupt oligarchy.. Bolsonaro should be tried for crimes against humanity and the planet.
(edited translation) Last week, the National Army, and the Military Police Tactical Force evicted 400 families from the Boa Esperança Camp in Porto Velho, Rondônia.
The residents report that the military acted violently and set fire to the area, arresting Delson Pinto de Souza, a farmer who has been harassed and persecuted for years and has legal ownership of the Boi D’Água area where the Boa Esperança camp is located.
From August 9 to 13, the First March of Indigenous Women of Brazil was carried out, with the slogan “Territory: our body, our spirit”. This march then joined the 6th country women’s March of the Margaridas, and the Tsunami of Education in defense of the education system. The Indigenous Women’s March joined the mobilization in Brasília
Maria Anecy Martins arrived in Brasília this week with glowing eyes to join the 2019 ‘Daisies’ (=Margaridas) March. The 45-year-old small farmer is one of the 100,000 peasant women who joined the 2-day event .
The sixth edition of the ‘Daisies’ March took place in Brasília on Aug. 13 and 14. The name of the event, originally Marcha das Margaridas, pays tribute to Margarida Maria Alves, a union leader in the northeastern state of Paraíba who fought for rural workers’ rights and was murdered by contract killers hired by big landowners in 1983.
In interviews and during the campaign the new Brazilian president Bolsonaro (PSL)declared that he will extinguish the Ministry of the Environment and the Chico Mendes Institute of Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio). He also publicly stated that he will grant “no centimeter of land” to natives and quilombolas.
Bolsonaro said today that allowing indigenous people to live in protected reserves is to treat them as animals in zoos, and added new criticisms against the demarcation of their ancestral lands.
Other intentions already expressed by Bolsonaro would be to remove Brazil from the so-called Paris Agreement, which provides for the limitation of global temperature increase below 2 ° or 1.5 ° Celsius. and to let the public freely buy guns.
Bolsonaro (PSL) promised to cancel 129 new demarcations of indigenous land that are currently underway.About 120,000 indigenous people live in these mostly very remote lands (Funai). In the case of the 436 already recognized indigenous lands he stated that they will be opened to infrastructure projects such as hydroelectric, roads, railroads and mining activities, though this might go against the Constitution..